Heat is body’s defense mechanism. It becomes a sign that let you know that an abnormality has occurred, and heat occurs in the process of fighting to repel a harmful energy. Most of the cause is cold. Other than that, in the Western medicine, one can think about the infl ammation disease. For many children, there is stomach infl ammation, urinary tract infection, ear infection and in the Kawasaki disease, fever lasts for over 5 days and symptoms of lymph node swelling occur.
In the Oriental medicine, heat is largely divided into an inner heat and outer heat. Inner heat is when a child usually has much heat or has energy of indigestion or an internally accumulated heat that comes out per opportunity of change in biological rhythm, and outer heat is a heat that occurs to fi ght in opposition to the harmful energy infi ltration that is a cause of disease. Because a child’s body grows rapidly, the energy movement is active and heat is that much more in a child’s body. That is why a heat occurs well, but in an extreme case, a treatment must naturally be rendered.
- Take a baby’s temperature through the anus
Usually, when there is a fever, there are many instances of measuring the temperature by putting in a thermometer inside an armpit or inside the mouth. However, in case of the baby, measuring by the anus is most accurate. In other area, as the baby moves, there are many cases of the body temperature being measured low. In measuring by an anus thermometer, there are many instances of being measured about 2~3°C higher than when measured by armpit or mouth. Normal body temperature per age would be newly-born (1 month after born) 36.7~37.5°C, school-age children are about 36.5~36.7°Cand it is a small fever up to 38°Cand 38~39°Cis intermediate fever, and 39~40°Cabove is seen as a high fever. Of course, these days, ear thermometer or forehead thermometer of electric thermometer types are much distributed and hence it has become easier for measuring temperature, but what is important is that if at all possible, it is important to always measure accurately from a certain area at a certain posture. And if a temperature is consistently taken normally when there is nothing wrong with a child, one can easily tell apart how much of a change in temperature when our child is sick compared to normal times.
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- Administer enema
Although the baby doesn’t have much of anything wrong, when a slight fever persists, administering enema is effective. As the child’s inside body has so much quantity of feces left, once enema is administered, much quantity of feces shall fall out. After enema, mostly the fever goes down, and if there is nothing much wrong up to a day has passed, then the baby has gotten better.
- Warm up the cold part of the body
Touch fingers, hands, elbows, chest, stomach, back, buttocks, thighs, knees in order and if there is a cold part, warm up the palms of hands and embrace that cold part until the cold energy disappears and then the heat traveling only up can dissipate through the whole body and the heat can go down. When hands and feet are cold, one of the good methods is to dip one’s body for a while in warm water.
- Do not go outside
When one has a fever, it is not good to feel the cold air of outside. Even if it is a slight fever, it is better not to go outside. You should let the baby play inside a warm room or let the baby sleep and frequently ventilate the room air.
- Place an ice bag
When a high fever symptom close to 40°Cappears, mom gets exasperated and does not know what to do. Especially, when a high fever appears suddenly at night, mom would be more restless. At this time, an ice bag can be made and put on the baby’s forehead and it would be effective in making the fever go down. But if the baby does not like it, it does not have to be done forcibly. Depending on the child, ice pack massage could be counterproductive. A child whose body is cold, timid and pale in the face could have one’s fever go down temporarily through an ice massage, but one must be careful as the child may cough or have other complications later.
- Warm up the body
From the old days, there is a saying that is handed down that says, “If you get a cold, eat a bean sprout broth spread with pepper powder, pull over a blanket and sweat to get better.” This means by giving off heat, body’s bad energy is repelled outside. Namely, as one sweats, the heat inside the body spreads and the fever goes down. Warm soup is eaten and blanket is well put over the body in a warm room to perspire. However, if one wears the blanket too hotly, one might get more of a fever, so one must be careful as it could rather be dangerous if the sweat is not discharged. This is a method that can be used on school-age children with somewhat developed center of heat control.
- Wipe with a moist towel
If the fever is not severe, the above method of pulling over a blanket or wearing clothes a little hot to enable sweating. If a fever continues even this is done and the child still feels a diffi culty, then disrobe the child and make the room cool. Supplying suffi cient moisture is also important. When the fever is severe(above 39 degrees), disrobe the child totally and wipe the body with a lukewarm moist towel. Soaked-wet, almost dripping lukewarm moist towel must wipe the corner of the entire body. The key to this method is to promote skin’s blood circulation and using the trait of taking away heat when the water evaporates from the body surface. Namely, wiping with cold water may rather be counterproductive. Until the fever drops, continue to scrub wipe and keeping the towel covered at this point would reduce effectiveness.
- Do not overuse anti-fever medication
There are many cases of getting scared of higher fever and abusing the anti-febrile, but as the body is in a process of fi ghting the disease, one must not rush. It is best to only use the medication when the child is depleted of strength and is only trying to sleep or if the fever is high as 39°C. Only when one let the child develop strength on one’s own to endure, would there be immunity developed. Of course, from the standpoint of the parents watching the child getting frustrated in diffi culty, after watching the child take anti-febrile and becoming comfortable, the parents would naturally tend to touch the anti-febrile fi rst, even if the temperature goes up just a little bit. But, if one does this, even the child becomes familiar with the anti-febrile and tries not to bear efforts to fi ght and win, but rather gets more frequently exposed to cold infection or disease and becomes weaker in immunity.